Die wichtigsten Begriffe des American Football, damit Ihr die National. Punkte erzielt (Touchdown oder Fieldgoal). Steht die Offense nach drei erfolglosen Versuchen vor dem vierten Down, gibt es drei Möglichkeiten: Es wird noch. Field Goal. Die Offense versucht üblicherweise einen Touchdown für 6 (mit erfolgreichem Kick 7 bzw. erfolgreicher Two Point Conversion 8) Punkte; wenn das.
The NFL increased the height of the uprights above the crossbar to 20 feet 6. In , they were raised five feet to 35 feet The "slingshot" goalpost, with a single post curving to support the crossbar, was invented by Jim Trimble and Joel Rottman in Montreal, Quebec , Canada.
The NFL had standardized the goalposts in and adopted the slingshot for the season;  the NCAA later adopted the same rule, but later allowed the use of "offset" goalposts, with two posts rather than one which were the norm prior to the invention of the "slingshot" goalposts.
Goalposts at the professional level today are sometimes equipped with a camera mounted to the stanchion immediately behind the center of the crossbar.
Since these cameras are both above and slightly behind the crossbar, a field goal attempt will be judged good if it strikes this equipment.
In , the NCAA banned the kicking tee for field goals and extra points, requiring kicks from the ground.
During the NFL season, a record 90 field goals of 50 yards or longer were made. As recorded in Guinness World Records:. The record for a field goal at any level is 69 yards.
In the history of the NFL regular season, only 19 field goals have been made from at least 60 yards: All of the above kicks were successful with the use of a kicking tee, which was banned by the NCAA after the season.
The longest known drop-kicked field goal in college football was a yard kick from Pat O'Dea , an Australian kicker who played on the Wisconsin Badgers football team.
O'Dea's kick took place in a blizzard against Northwestern on November 15, The field goal was the final and winning play of the 81st Hardy Cup.
Field goal returns are rare in the NFL, since an attempt with sufficient distance that misses the uprights will automatically be dead.
Returns are possible when a field goal is short, but in that case returners will usually down the ball so as to scrimmage from the spot of the kick.
Normally, a return will only be attempted when there is not enough time left in the half to run a play from scrimmage. Nevertheless, four field goals have been returned for at least yards in the 21st century:.
Because the goalposts in Canadian football are on the goal line, and because downing the ball in the end zone results in the kicking team scoring a single point , field goal returns are much more common.
The longest missed field goal return in the CFL is total yards. Against the Montreal Alouettes on August 22, , the Toronto Argonauts ' Boyd Carter ran 15 yards, then threw a lateral to Dave Mann , who then returned it for the final yards.
Since the shortening of the end zones in the CFL in , a field goal has been returned for the maximum yards on four occasions: In NCAA college football, only five missed field goals returns for touchdowns have ever been returned yards or more: In U Sports football, like in the CFL, the longest possible missed field goal return is yards, and this has occurred three times.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about field goals in gridiron football. For field goals in rugby league and rugby union, see Field goal rugby.
For field goals in basketball, see Field goal basketball. This section needs additional citations for verification.
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Definition of field goal. Examples of field goal in a Sentence He kicked a yard field goal. Is there enough depth at outside linebacker?
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The fair catch kick has its origins in rugby football. The rule is considered to be obscure and unusual, as most fair catches are made well out of field goal range , and in most cases a team that has a fair catch within theoretical range will attempt a normal drive to score a touchdown.
The fair catch kick is generally used when a team has fair caught a ball within field goal range and there is insufficient time to score a touchdown.
At the professional level, the last successful fair catch kick was made in The fair catch kick rule states that, after a player has successfully made a fair catch or has been awarded a fair catch as the result of a penalty such as kick catch interference , their team can attempt a kick from the spot of the catch;   the NFHS also allows a kick to be made if the down following the fair catch or awarded fair catch has to be replayed.
The fair catch kick found in American football originated in rugby football. A similar rule in rugby, the goal from mark , allowed a player who had fair caught a ball to attempt an uncontested free kick from the spot of the fair catch.
Both major codes of rugby have eliminated the rule; rugby league abolished the goal from mark in , and rugby union removed it in When the fair catch returned to the rulebook, however, the option to attempt a kick after the fair catch was removed.
The fair catch kick rule is very rarely invoked,    and is one of the rarest plays in football. For one, the fair catch would need to be made at a point on the field where a field goal attempt has a reasonable chance of being successful;  most fair catches are made well outside of field goal range even more so since , when the goal posts were moved back to the end line, adding 10 yards to such attempts.
Despite its drawbacks, there are several advantages to using the fair catch kick. Because the defense is required to be ten yards beyond the spot of the kick, the kicker can take a running start before kicking as opposed to the typical two steps taken on regular field goal attempts.
Similarly, the kicker does not have to worry about a low snap because the ball is not snapped. The defense is not able to block the kick, allowing the kicker to give the ball a lower trajectory than usual.
The fair catch kick would also be of a shorter distance than a normal field goal attempt from the same spot, because the fair catch kick is taken from the spot of the catch, while a typical field goal is taken seven yards back from the line of scrimmage.
The following tables contain all confirmed fair catch kick attempts in the NFL; the NFL does not keep a record of fair catch kick attempts, so the true number of attempts is unknown.
With the exception of the second recorded attempt, which was made in the 3rd quarter, all fair catch kick attempts were made within the last thirty seconds of either the 2nd or 4th quarter.